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What Are Conveyor Belts?


Belt conveyors are one variety of conveyor systems, with the belt itself serving as the transport medium. Diverse modules are needed for each conveyor system to carry out its duties.

Weight, speed, and product throughput on the conveyor system are only a few factors that might determine the variety of activities involved.

An unending loop of carrying medium, the conveyor belt, spins around two or more pulleys (called drums) to create a pull effect for the products it is transporting. The belt and its load are pushed along by one or more motorized pulleys. In use since the nineteenth century, conveyor belts are a tried and true method of transport. Beginning in 1892, Thomas Robins invented the first conveyor belt to transport coal, ores, and other materials.

For the first time ever, mass manufacturing and batch production were both possible once Henry Ford installed conveyor-belt assembly lines in the Ford Motor Company facility.

What Are Conveyor Belts Used For?

Conveyor systems have many applications in industry, but their primary goal is to reduce labor costs while boosting throughput in a given area of production or transportation. This allows for a greater volume of products to be processed and shipped to customers more quickly.

Conveyor systems typically lower the space necessary to transport objects, allowing the operation to run in a smaller section of the facility and order to free up the office area, as a result of the reduced labor needed to carry out the task.

Although conveyors have widespread application across many sectors, they are particularly common in the warehousing and industrial sectors. Hermes' national sorting hub is one location where you can find them. The hub has benefited greatly from the addition of an automated conveyor system due to the significant boost in throughput it provides.

Belt conveyors can be made with curved portions that employ tapered rollers and curved belting, with optional parts like guards, gates, convergers, RFID scanners, and more to facilitate access to various points along the conveyor and prevent harm to the goods being transported. 

Belt conveyors are the most popular type of powered Conveyor & Conveyor/Industrial Belts due to their low cost, adaptability (carrying items large and small, light and heavy, with jiggly edges and square boxes), and widespread availability.

What Are the Advantages of Conveyor Belts?

1. Reduces the Need for Hand-Pulled Effort

Much of the work done in the food sector involves the processing and management of bulk commodities. Miniature conveyor belts can significantly reduce the need for physical handling. They have the ability to completely replace humans in the workplace. 

Prior to the widespread use of conveyors, the transportation of food products was a laborious, time-consuming, and inefficient procedure. The old saying that "time is money" is still true in many fields. The food business is not an exception. 

Many restaurants and other food services lose production because they rely only on human labor. Due to this, money is lost.

2. Conveyor Belts Reduce Accidents

Pulleys, idlers, rollers, and tensioners are only a few of the many moving elements in mechanical systems. Because of conveyors, workers rarely have to interact with them and are less in danger than they would be if they had to move large loads themselves. 

Newer conveyors also pose the reduced danger of mechanical breakdown and personal injury. Furthermore, as labor efficiency rises, fewer people will need to be present on the factory floor at any given time. As a result, there are fewer workers that need to be managed and supervised. 

As an added bonus, workers are most likely to be located along the conveyor's edge. They won't have to touch any of the moving parts (unless maybe while doing repairs) unless absolutely necessary. This is a fantastic strategy for lowering risk at work.

Conveyors Improve Food Quality and Safety

You presumably prefer foods that haven't been handled by humans too often, and that's what we've got for you here. Conveyors are a great way to increase food safety, especially considering that so many items in today's supermarkets are produced in factories and warehouses.

Conveyor systems have improved greatly over the years, with many modern models including built-in hygiene features to ensure that goods and consumables remain contaminant-free. Dust-free and contamination-free conditions are crucial for food and drink goods prior to shipping. 

An important part of being in compliance with the FDA and USDA is maintaining a clean and contaminant-free environment. A facility could be shut down or subject to fines if they fail to comply with government requirements. However, modern conveyor technology makes compliance much simpler for most establishments.

How Many Types of Conveyor Belts?

1. Sanitary and Washdown Conveyors

Objects coming out of ovens or freezers can be transported on these conveyors without losing any heat. Additionally, equipment used in the food business, in particular, must be able to withstand being submerged in glaze, breading, or hot oil. Larger washdown conveyors with flat wire belts are ideal for discharging broken bulk cargo like oil drums and crates from ships since they can safely handle both wet and oily objects.

2. Incline & Decline Belt Conveyors

Belt conveyors with an incline are driven in the middle by a gear motor and have a single or double-nosed take-up. And unlike smooth-belted conveyors, the belt on this model is rough, making it well-suited for vertical transport. Cleats on the belts of the conveyors allow for the systems to cross over one another, allowing for the safe transfer of goods to many levels without the risk of product spillage.

3. Curved Belt Conveyors

These belt conveyors have a curved frame that allows them to move products around corners, accommodate tight transfers, and make the most efficient use of available space. The arcs of these belts can reach 180 degrees.

 Flat belts are the only option for truly curved conveyors that don't have any straight runs before or after the bends, as the straight lines are necessary for the modular plastic belts to function properly. In order to redirect the flow of bags and other goods, curved belt conveyors are commonly employed in bag handling systems.

4. Cleated Belt Conveyors

Belt conveyors that use cleats are called cleated belt conveyors, and they have cleats or obstacles in the vertical direction. These cleats have many uses, including securing goods on inclines and declines, providing uniform distances between objects, and many others. In addition, there is a wide variety of cleats to suit a variety of needs. 

This cleat is more resistant to leverage pressures thanks to its wide base. The curved faces of certain of these cleats make it possible for them to scoop granules. When used on steeper inclines, this cleat's lighter and medium-weight load capacities come in handy.

5. Modular Belt Conveyors

Conveyor belts made of modular components are ideal for use in situations where the conveyor needs to turn sharp corners. They just need one belt and one motor for all of their motion, and they can go in any direction, including straight, around a corner, up and downhill. While technically possible with different conveyor types, doing so would require extensive tailoring and significant expenses.

To further accommodate unique conveyor layouts, modular plastic belts can be used without affecting belt tracking. Belts that are wider than they are long are one such option, as they give the necessary stability for working with fragile packaging like soft plastic bags, cardboard boxes, and shrink wrap.

6. Flat Belt Conveyors

As one of the most common types of conveyor in use today, the flat belt conveyor belt is an important piece of modern industry. Moving goods about an establishment, or "internal conveyance," is a good use case for flat belts. 

A continuous flat belt, made of either natural or synthetic material (polyester, nylon), is moved along a set of motorized pulleys in this type of conveyor belt. Products are loaded onto the moving belt and transported between terminals. 

When it comes to wash-down areas, sluggish assembly lines, and industrial settings, flat belt systems tend to reign supreme. When equipped with the proper belt, it may also safely transport fragile, perishable products despite their size, softness, or unusual shape.

7. Roller Bed Conveyor Belts

When things are loaded onto the belt using gravity, a roller bed configuration is appropriate. This is due to the fact that mechanical shock from hand-loading might cause the rollers to break. Roller bed conveyor belts are another viable choice for long-distance transport due to the fact that they reduce friction and facilitate the movement of products along the belt. 

These belts can be used for a wide variety of tasks, including conveying goods, inspecting them, assembling them, and more. Roller bed conveyor belts are frequently utilized in luggage handling systems and mail sorting facilities.

FAQs: Conveyor & Conveyor/Industrial Belts

Q. How much is a conveyor belt cost?
Ans: The cost of conveyor belt is between Rs 250/meter too Rs 2000/Meter in India. 

Q. Which conveyor belt is best?
Ans: Econo Pac 120 is the best conveyor belt in India. They work great for transporting boxes, totes, as well as other things along horizontal conveyors.

Q. How long do conveyor belts last?
Ans: The average lifespan of a belt is three years. There is either a flaw in the system's design, significant problems with the system, or the belt is inappropriate for the application if it needs to be replaced more often.

Q. What is m24 in conveyor belt?
Ans: Items such as granite, metallic ores, coal, limestone, clinker, Blast furnace slag,  etc. are too heavy, too sharp, or too abrasive to be transported with anything less than this Grade.

Top Conveyor & Conveyor/Industrial Belts Manufacturing Companies in India

Company NameLocationMember Since
International Wirenetting IndustriesPalghar, India19 Years
Mitsun EngineeringVadodara, India18 Years
Shri Vinayak Packaging Machine Pvt. Ltd.New Delhi, India18 Years
Softex Industrial Products Pvt. Ltd.Kolkata, India16 Years
Fans Bro ErectorsVasai, India16 Years
Amey EngineersDombivli, India15 Years
Future Industries Pvt. Ltd.Ahmedabad, India14 Years
Spangle Steel ProductsDelhi, India14 Years
P-Square TechnologiesPune, India13 Years
Zigma Machinery & Equipment SolutionsCoimbatore, India11 Years
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